A look at the greek and roman temples for the gods

A similar arrangement is only found at Baelo Claudia, in Spain. In some places, like on Crete, temples were the location of ritual feasting, but that was a rare practice. These have usually long vanished, but archaeologists can generally reconstruct them from the peg-holes, and some have been re-created and set in place.

Unlike many monotheistic religious or spiritual traditions, the Romans gods were seen as caring little about the morality of the Roman people. Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture, adapting them slightly to suit their own needs.

Greek religion focused on three activities: prayer, sacrificeand offering, and all of those were practiced in sanctuaries, a complex of structures often marked with a boundary wall tememos. In 41 AD the ancient Roman temple was rededicated to his wife Livia in by her grandson Claudius, the Roman emperor who was born in nearby Lyon.

roman temple interior

The front of the temple typically carried an inscription saying who had built it, cut into the stone with a "V" section. Imperial temples paid for by the government usually used conventional Roman styles all over the empire, regardless of the local styles seen in smaller temples.

roman architecture

At Baalbek a wide portico with a broken pediment is matched by four other columns round the building, with the architrave in scooped curving sections, each ending in a projection supported by a column. Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus[ edit ] Relief of Marcus Aurelius sacrificing at the 4th temple left The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline Hill was the oldest large temple in Rome, dedicated to the Capitoline Triad consisting of Jupiter and his companion deities, Juno and Minervaand had a cathedral-like position in the official religion of Rome.

Roman temple facts

It suffered considerable damage during WWII when the temple was hit by a bomb. They were also specific dedications to the god, financed partly by the wealthy men and partly by military successes; and, as such, they were the focus of great community pride. For centuries Palmyra was an important and wealthy city located along the caravan routes linking Persia with the Mediterranean ports of Roman Syria. The Garni Temple contains 24 Ionic columns resting on a elevated podium and unlike other Greco-Roman temples, it is made of basalt. National Geographic Creative. Like the Temple of Hercules Victor in Rome, which was perhaps by a Greek architect, these survivors had an unbroken colonnade encircling the building, and a low, Greek-style podium. Created to be the largest temple in the Roman empire, the temple of Jupiter was lined by 54 massive granite columns each each of which were 21 meters 70 feet tall.

From one grew the forms of the other and the result created were two beautiful cities with massive amounts of history. There is much to see at the site today for tourists, including the huge Temple of Bel, the monumental arch and the colonnade that once consisted of 1, Corinthian columns.

what were roman temples made of

The Temple of Olympian Zeus at Athens is a surviving example.

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The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome