Loney et al. They tend to view society as an organic system, but they have less faith that the system will regulate itself without intervention.
Many religions offer guides to morality, but there may be several strands of moral belief which co-exist. As a result, no matter how well-intentioned they may be, redistributive programs are ineffective as a long- term poverty reduction strategy.
Google Scholar Wainwright, H. Other religious movements aim deliberately to form a communal identity or sense of membership. Thompson, H. If governments are concerned about the welfare of their citizens some are notthey will have some responsibility for social protection.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Individualism argues that each person is responsible for his or her own actions. Google Scholar Seibel, W. What does it mean to be a Socialist or a Communist? This philosophy denounces economic and social inequality.