The Scythians establish themselves in the area to the north of the Black Sea. In the next years the Indo-European languages expanded through Europe.
The Romans would later get their revenge when they attacked the quarreling Goths and Huns, bouncing the latter out of Central Europe.
In Cretethe Mycenaeans occupied Knossos. Fossil remains from this time are known as far west as England. The Roman Empire came to dominate the entire Mediterranean basin.
Empires rise and fall, invasions sweep across the continent, and modern countries slowly begin to take shape with the added bonus of an extremely dramatic instrumental. The Huns waged their first attack on the Eastern Roman Empire inbut it was not until half a century later — under the leadership of Attila the Hun — that hordes pushed deeper into Europe, sacking and razing cities along the way.
These questions have acquired new importance as Europe has come to be more than a geographic expression. Minoan civilizationafter several centuries, yields to an incoming group which eventually provides nearly all the peoples of Europe - the Indo-Europeans.
Then, in the 20th century, Europe came close to destroying itself. The peasants preparing the fields for the winter with a harrow and sowing for the winter grain, from The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berryc.