Marx and weber theories
They are, however, often of an amorphous kind.
For Marx, the origin of capitalism does not relate to any religious ethics, but to a brutal process of plundering, murder and exploitation, which he describes with the term "the primitive accumulation of capital. One could say that he is divided between his identity as a bourgeois which fully supports German capitalism and its imperial power, and his statute as an intellectual, sensitive to the arguments of the Romantic anti-capitalist Zivilisationskritik so influential among the German academic mandarins at the beginning of the 20th century.
Weber argues that groups are more likely to be formed on the basis of status or status honour. While this may be income and a particular style of life, it is not so much the relationship of the individual to the means of production as the meaning associated with the income and style of life.
How does max weber differ from karl marx in his views regarding social change
For Marx, class involved not only a common market situation or position and one restricted primarily to the capital-labour relation , but also the recognition of this common position by members of the class, the ability to act as a class, and the opposition of the class to the interests of another class. An excursus on Marx and Weber London: Routledge , p. Having replaces Being, and only subsists the monetary payment — the cash nexus according to the famous expression of Carlyle which Marx takes up — and the " icy waters of egoistic calculation" Communist Manifesto. These could be ethnic groups, religious groups, groups around sexual orientation, and the various urban communities and groups which form around common sets of interests. Social honour is expressed in social relationships, in how we interact with each other. The common class situation does not usually lead to social action on the basis of the common class situation. It might also be noted that these parties may acquire a life of their own and pursue ends that are not part of their original purposes. In spite of the myriad factors that must be taken into consideration when looking at these social structures and institutions, Weber concludes that there are relatively few dominant features of social structure. Sociales , p. These are as follows see quote 16 i. This is a very broad definition that could include political or economic power exercised at the level of community or society as a whole, or it could refer to smaller scale actions taken by groups in communities such as religious or peer groups, or even the exercise of power in institutions such as the family.
In contrast, where there is little social or geographic mobility, Weber notes that social status groups may solidify into castes. These types of production are characterised by a set of class relations. Everything would be owned equally by everyone.
Marx and Weber identified problems within modern society.
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