Previous research also identified a lack of documentation and knowledge in relation to the meatal cleaning solution used prior to catheter insertion.
This review addresses only indwelling urethral catheters, and will not discuss use of intermittent catheters for men or women, or external catheters for men. For individuals with long term indwelling catheters, 3—5 organisms are usually isolated[ 3435 ].
A mature biofilm has usually formed once the catheter has been in situ for longer than 2 weeks.
These issues provided a strong rationale for the study investigators to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literature, investigating the effectiveness of antiseptic cleaning during urinary catheter insertion for the prevention of CAUTI.
Other urease producing species include P. Clinical and microbiologic considerations may vary for short and long term catheters. Bacterial species which produce urease may facilitate the formation of a crystalline biofilm[ 4445 ].