Examine the ideas expressed by Russell in his essay.
He became an activist for pacifism, which resulted in his dismissal from Trinity College in In his autobiography, he mentions that he found Lenin disappointing, sensing an "impish cruelty" in him and comparing him to "an opinionated professor".
There have been wars since immemorial. In he became a University of Cambridge lecturer at Trinity College where he studied.
Russell, "The place of science in a liberal education" in Mysticism In he wrote in a personal letter: "If the Germans succeed in sending an invading army to England we should do best to treat them as visitors, give them quarters and invite the commander and chief to dine with the prime minister.
He subsequently wrote a book, The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism,  about his experiences on this trip, taken with a group of 24 others from the UK, all of whom came home thinking well of the Soviet regime, despite Russell's attempts to change their minds.
The matter was however taken to the New York Supreme Court by Jean Kay who was afraid that her daughter would be harmed by the appointment, though her daughter was not a student at CCNY.
His experiences destroyed his previous tentative support for the revolution. In Russell argued in favour of a moderate socialismcapable of overcoming its metaphysical principles, in an inquiry on dialectical materialismlaunched by the Austrian artist and philosopher Wolfgang Paalen in his journal DYNsaying "I think the metaphysics of both Hegel and Marx plain nonsense — Marx's claim to be 'science' is no more justified than Mary Baker Eddy 's.
In Septemberat the age of 89, Russell was jailed for seven days in Brixton Prison for "breach of peace" after taking part in an anti-nuclear demonstration in London.
InRussell Russell soon joined the Barnes Foundationlecturing to a varied audience on the history of philosophy; these lectures formed the basis of A History of Western Philosophy.
Russell became part of a general revitalization of empiricism, the belief that all human knowledge is derived from our sensory experience of the external world.